The Best Diet for Diabetes
The aim of managing diabetes is to normalise blood sugar levels so that you experience fewer complications. Food affects blood sugar levels however there is no ‘one-size-fits-all’ diet for diabetes that works for everyone.
When we consider the evidence, we have seen that a number of simple changes to your diet can reduce HbA1c by 0.5%. This is a similar reduction that is seen from medication and is associated with a lower risk of diabetic complications (Brinkworth 2004, UKPDS 13 1995).
It is possible to take greater control of your blood sugar levels with some simple changes to food and eating habits. Many of diets for diabetes will also have bonus benefits for your heart health through increasing your good cholesterol (HDL) and reducing your bad cholesterols (LDLs and Triglycerides). An Accredited Practising Dietitian can advise on the right diet for you and your lifestyle. A recent systematic review (Olubukola 2013) of all the evidence found the diets for diabetes that have shown to be most effective include:
- Low Glycaemic Index (GI)
- High-protein diets
- Low carbohydrate